Figurative Language In Balinese Based On Social Praxis Analysis

  • Made Sri Satyawati, I Nyoman Kardana, I Gusti Ngurah Adi Rajistha


Balinese is used as a communication tool for Balinese people both living in and outside Bali. Balinese is also used as a means to express Balinese culture in its various forms. It is also normally used in various domains both formal and informal. In the formal domain, Balinese is used in meetings relating to customary and religious issues that take place in homes, traditional halls (public hall) or holy places like temples. Balinese is also used as a means to convey special messages related to praise, satire, advice, suggestions, and others. These messages are usually delivered in figurative language. One type of figurative language that is often used to convey certain messages, such as moral messages in relation to character education is proverb. For that reason, this paper aims to examine the meaning and function of messages conveyed through proverb as one of figurative languages in Balinese. Data used in this paper are oral data taken from informants and written data taken from written material, such as Balinese stories. Data were collected by applying the observation method which is completed with recording and note-taking techniques. Data were analyzed based on a social praxis approach which includes biological, sociological and idiological aspects. The analysis shows that based on the biological aspect, the proverbs can use animate and inanimate nouns in the form of plants and animals. From sociological aspects, the Balinese proverb is used to convey commands, requests, innuendo, praise, and advice. Meanwhile, from the ideological aspect, the Balinese proverb contains certain messages relating to people's lives, relating to good and bad attitudes and behavior, polite and impolite, appropriate and inappropriate things to do in their life.