Hindu Social Religious Challenges in Mataram City
The government directs people to live prosperously by upholding the values of humanism, tolerance, and togetherness among religious people. To create advanced, religious, and cultured people, an understanding and implementation of pluralism culture are needed. The existence of pluralism as part of multiculturalism education has been implemented by various ethnicities, ethnicities, and religions that developed in the city of Mataram. In reality these conditions cause social tensions in various aspects such as education, social, cultural, and religious. In reality there have been perceived gaps and even discrimination by the Hindu community of Mataram City. For example in the field of education, small and small student learning spaces and even study in the classroom hallway, in the field of religion that is not given to building a means of a holy place (padmasana) or a representative place, so that the castration of rights as religious people. Besides in the field of religion, it is difficult for Hindus to use the beach or the sea as a ceremony to carry out segara yadnya such as mekiis, melasti, and nunas sesari. In the field of culture, the promotion prohibition of panyembrama dance (Hindu culture) in various cultural appreciations. Another thing is prohibiting the use of decorations in the form of fungi in various formal activities. In the social field, government officials are rarely present or even absent when invited for various reasons, causing disappointment. The research method used is qualitative data collection techniques through observation, questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and documents. The data analysis uses interpretive qualitative analysis. The research results on the religious social challenges of Hindus in Mataram City are 1) the form of challenges of Hindus in Mataram City includes policies in the field of education including the marginalization of student learning places, student learning time, teaching staff, and places of worship; Government policies in the field of religion through places of worship; marginalization policy in the socio-cultural field; and marginalization policies in the appointment of employees; 2) factors causing the challenges of Hindus in the City of Mataram to include the policies of the leadership of eclectic leadership, village heads, and others, the limited appointment of Hindu religious teachers; and limited facilities and infrastructure assistance; 3) The impact and significance of the challenges of Hindus in the city of Mataram are the quality of harmony, togetherness, and appreciation; violation of individual rights as citizens; sectoral arrogance; and conflict. Whereas the meaning of the challenge of Hindu religiosity in the city of Mataram is the meaning of politics, disintegration, and the meaning of struggle.