Return Women Migrant Workers’ Contribution in a Cooperative-Based Economy and Early Childhood Education
(A Case Study in Pojok Village, Ngantru Sub-district, Tulungagung, East Java)
This research aims at empowering return women migrant workers to establish a creative economy through woman cooperation (KOPWAN). Specifically, the objectives of this research are: 1) describing the activity profile of return women migrant workers (RWM) in Pojok village, Tulungagung, and 2) analyzing PPMPs’ contributions in the cooperative activities as an effort to alleviate poverty. This present research was purposefully selected and conducted in Pojok Village, Ngantru Sub-district Tulungagung on behalf of the status of female sender village of migrant workers and the existence of Sumber Rejeki cooperation developed by return women workers. Participatory Action Research was used by collecting primary data through focus group discussion, in-depth interviews with 19 informants. The results show that return women migrant workers’ contributions in a cooperative-based creative economy are: migrant workers provide information about the situation beyond their village. The information about moratorium or the termination of the delivery of Indonesian migrant worker (RWM) to foreign countries obtained from media makes return RWM considers to have their own business. The creative economy is only limited in the potential of agriculture, livestock, fisheries, processing agricultural products, especially Emping Blinjo (chips), and the location of the village that is passed through the highway which becomes the potential of trading services. The women cooperative that has been initiated in the last eight years becomes an important institutional potential and human resource consisting of return women migrant workers who devoted their effort to advance the cooperative. Economic and institutional contributions of return women migrant workers’ are preeminent in the village, nevertheless, the effect of autodidact and short term education about cooperative and organization becomes the challenge of the contribution. Besides, the mastery of technology is still limited especially for financial management. The management, skill, and labor depend on the family scale, and physically have no office and cooperative workshop. Remittance obtained from working abroad becomes an essential business capital. Besides, the experience of organizational management learned from abroad becomes a social remittance for three informants. Developing a creative economy through cooperative-based is benign for return women migrant workers as a source of income, learning sources, and efforts to develop a wide-scale business social institution. Moreover, early childhood education institutions play significant role in developing young students’ characteristics. The gender perspective encourages both male and female to grow balanced and equal.