Exclusion Treatment on the Children of Migrant Workers
This study explains the women migrant workers who work abroad causing the problem towards their children that they left behind. It is the exclusion treatment by the community and the environment. The purpose of this study is to explain the exclusion treatment that received faced by those children from Gender Anthropology perspective. This research is descriptive research by using the qualitative method. The research conducted in Tulungagung, East Java in the form of observation, in-depth interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) as its data collection method. The informants who involve in this research are the women migrant workers’ children and families, community leaders, Department of Human Resource Development and Culture, Child Protection Institution, Department of Social Services, Labour, and Transmigration and Department of Education. This research found that the children from women migrant workers were involved in various problems such as brawl, free sex, unwed pregnancy, drugs and mixed marriage (amalgamation) between women migrant workers with foreign men. This kind of problems causing the children from women migrant workers receives exclusion treatment from society and the environment. For instances, the children would difficult to obtain their birth certificate, receive a stigma that they are ‘children souvenirs’, they also unable to participate in youth organisation, do not receive their basic human rights and the rights as the citizens, such as receive proper education, health and social services. As a result, these migrant workers' children become the victims of social pressure which could affect their behaviour in the future. This research implies that the access to basic services, the space in social reconciliation and policy advocacy at various levels should be enhanced to ensure the sustainability of social inclusion for those children.