Ideological Conflicts Between Radical and Moderate Islamic Organizations in Indonesia

  • Ali Maksum, Siti Mas’udah, Ahmad Nur Fuad, Esa Nur Wahyuni


This study aims to examine the nature of ideological conflicts between moderate and radical Islamic organizations in Malang, East Java. This research employed qualitative approach, with inductive analysis. The results show that ideology of both moderate and radical Islamic organizations in Malang originated from a common base, that is Ahlussunnah wal Jamaah (Aswaja). However, there are differences in their interpretations of this shared ideologial root as well as their implementation. Moderate Islamic organizations advocate Pancasila to be preserved as the foundation of the state while radical organizations struggle for the creation of an Islamic state. Result of this ideological conflict, Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama which claim to be the most moderate and tolerant organizations are in fact the most intolerant and repressive toward different interpretations of Islamic ideologies. The paper argues that the dynamic of ideological conflict is closely related to economic and political factors in which capital gain grows.