The Concept of Beauty and Body Consciousness of Young Muslim Women at Higher Education in Surabaya, Indonesia

  • Refti Handini Listyani, Emy Susanti


This research examines the concept of beauty and body consciousness among young Muslim women in the City of Surabaya using a phenomenology approach. Phenomenological reflection is done through the act of perceiving a new world; it is thinking using awareness and not with the beliefs about what is being perceived. This study applying a qualitative method using purposive sampling technique. The subject of the study are Muslim women who are studying at three Universities in Surabaya, there were State University of Surabaya, Airlangga University, and Sunan Ampel State Islamic University in the City of Surabaya. The data collection using indepth interview technique on 15 students (informants). The result of this study indicates that the concept of beauty of young Muslim women in Surabaya consists of three forms namely, spiritual beauty, physical beauty, and ethical beauty, which are a combination of the two.This concept of beauty was shown by the various practices of body treatments at beauty clinics. Muslim women saw that beauty is not for others and that is not for reasons outside of their bodies. The body of Muslim women has its own subjectivity. Muslim women have their own consciousness. The consciousness of young Muslim women divided into body as subject body, body as a consciousness existence, and body as language acts. Young Muslim women felt that they can release sensations without holding on to the values held by the surrounding community. This study reveals women's bodies are not always objects but that Muslim women's bodies have their own subjectivity.