Habitus of Institutional Education and Development in Intolerance Attitude among Students
This article examined how habitus in schools and families tends to encourage acts of intolerance. Although students have realized the importance of multiculturalism, in practice they are often ambivalent. This study, which was conducted in 5 cities / districts in East Java with 500 students, found that at the construction level, most students realized that diversity and tolerance become basic prerequisites for the pluralistic life of the nation and state in Indonesia. However, most students generally consider their own safety rather than interfere in persecution that they witness at school. Most students stated they would defend if there were friends becoming victims of persecution or acts of intolerance. However, in reality, they generally still weigh various factors and implications of their actions. In terms of numbers, act of intolerance committed by students may not be too great. However, around 20-25% of students who are intolerant and sympathetic to the radicalism movement are seeds that become counter-productive for the life of the nation and state. It is not impossible to happen due to the role of some teachers (religions) who seem to support intolerance, thus increasingly encourage the growth of intolerance among students. From the results of in-depth interviews, some students felt that they way they act was in accordance with their beliefs, so that making distance and even persecuting different groups was considered normal.