The Speech Acts of the Police Investigator on a Banking Criminal Act in the Police Investigation Report: A Pragmatic Study
The interrogation by the police through an investigator is an important stage in revealing the facts of the criminal acts perpetrated by suspects. This is needed due to suspects’ tendency to hide, cover up the facts, and delegate the crimes committed to other parties. Therefore, there is a need for an effective communication strategy to reveal the hidden truth. This is important because these facts play a major role in making a public prosecutor's indictment in the trial process up to when a court ruling is obtained. This study therefore aimed to interrogate the facts of language, especially the speech acts used by the police investigator on banking crime suspect. The data used were obtained from the text of the 2015 Police Investigation Report of the resort police of Malang City, East Java, Indonesia. The data of 61 speech question texts were obtained by researching the forms and functions of the investigator’s speech acts to the suspect and classified into three phases including opening, deepening of the criminal materials, and closing. The results showed the combination of commissive-asking and directive-commanding to be the most frequently used followed by a verdictive speech act. Their functions are to gather information, clarify, insinuate, humiliate, suppress, challenge, and test. The questions proposed by the investigator formed a unity of coherence to make the suspect guilty. Moreover, a persuasive approach was used with consideration for the cultural perspective by avoiding direct attack and by gradually asking questions to obtain a successful confession from the suspect.