Ensuring Peace and Security in Nigeria: A Critical Look at Male-Child Preference and Family Planning Practices of Married Women

  • IGBUDU Ujiro, AKPOTOR Julie , IKOGHO Doris


The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between male-child preference
(that could lead to large family size (overpopulation) which may invariably lead to global
unrest) and the practice of family planning among married women in zone 5 barracks of the
Nigeria Police, which comprise Edo, Delta and Bayelsa State command. The study population
was 5,579, which was made up of all married women aged 15-49 years in zone 5 barracks of
the Nigeria Police. The correlational research design was adopted for the study. The simple
random sampling technique of balloting with replacement was employed to select the 18
barracks for the study, while the systematic sampling technique was used to select 558
respondents from the barracks. A self-structured questionnaire was used for the study.
Responses from each respondent were converted to points, which were coded and subjected to
statistical analysis using simple regression procedure to test the only hypothesis at a
significance level of 0.05. The hypothesis was rejected since it was statistically significant. The
study affirmed that there is a relationship between male-child preference and family planning
practices of married women in the zone 5 barracks contrary to common assumptions especially
among policymakers, programme managers and programme providers in family planning. The
study revealed that attitudinal factor such as the strong desire for more children (especially
male-children) is at least as important as cost and access in preventing married women in the
barracks from using family planning