Actualization of Nationalism of Indonesia-Malaysia Border Community in Sebatik Island, North Kalimantan Province

  • Wahyudi , Idrus Affandi , Cecep Darmawan , Syarifudin Tippe, dan Poppy Setiawati Nurisnaeny


This research examines nationalism of Indonesia-Malaysia border community in Sebatik island,
North Kalimantan province. Sebatik island is one of the islands in North Kalimantan province
(Indonesia) which shares a border with Sabah, Malaysia. Easy accessibility to Malaysia causes
the people on this island to have direct social interaction with Malaysians. Furthermore, to meet
their daily basic needs, they are reliant on Malaysia. The problem in this study is "How is
nationalism of Indonesia-Malaysia border society in Sebatik island, North Kalimantan province,
Indonesia amidst social interaction and economic dependence with Malaysia?". The purpose of
this study is to describe nationalism of the people of Sebatik island, North Kalimantan province.
This research is a case study that used several theories, namely Nationalism theory, Borders
theory, State Defense theory, and Citizenship Education theory. The results of the study show
that nationalism of Sebatik island border community is realized through the actualization of the
State Defense values : Love for the Motherland, actualized by community participation in
preserving the country's land border pillar and the active involvement of Sebatik fishermen in
flying Indonesian flag on their boats while fishing at the country's sea borders; National and
state awareness, actualized by displaying the symbols of nationalism, such as the formation of
the largest flag raisers in Indonesia and the flying of large red and white flag during the national
day ceremonies; Belief in Pancasila as the state ideology, showed by the attitude of tolerance
among Muslim and Christian communities in Sebatik island and the designation of Sebatik
island as a Santri island by the local government; Willingness to sacrifice for the country,
actualized through the community commitment of choosing to work in Sebatik rather than
having to work in Malaysia as a laborer (TKI) which is based on the principles of nationalism,
and; State Defense initial ability, actualized through the existence of cadres of basic military
training, including the formation of State Defense Forums, Scouting Cadres and Student Forces
(SAKA) fostered by the Indonesian National Armed Forces / Indonesian National Police