Psychological Response (Depression) Pregnant Women During the Covid-19 Pandemic in East Java Region: Regression Analysis
Introduction: This COVID-19 epidemic causes anxiety effects on the entire population especially to pregnant women. Pregnancy is an important period for a mother who often causes anxiety. Anxiety in pregnant women is associated with various changes that occur during pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to analyze the psychological response (Depression) of pregnant women to compliance with antenatal care during the COVID-19 pandemic in the East Java.
Materials and Methods: Qualitative analytic research design with the cross-sectional approach, with depressive research variables, maternal age, gestational age, and parity, 76 pregnant women in the East Java as research subjects, online data collection using Google forms distributed to mothers pregnant, data were collected from April 14 to May 8, 2020, after obtaining ethical approval from the NgudiaHusada Madura STIKes, then data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 for Windows with the Spearman Rank statistical test and ordinal regression.
Result: Results showed that age, parity, and gestational age have a significant relationship with depression in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic, while psychological responses (depression) 59.2% mild depression, 3.9% moderate and 2.6% severe, and the results of the ordinal regression test were highly significantly related to depression is maternal gestational age and parity, maternal age at risk OR: 5,829 times will increase depression and OR: 11,108 primigravida parity will increase depression during pregnancy in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Conclusion: Gestational age and parity are significantly associated with depression in pregnant women during the pandemic and depression assessment results, pregnant women experience mild, moderate, and even severe depression, so that intensive supervision is needed especially in high-risk pregnant women. ANC monitoring can still be carried out with a note of making an appointment with a midwife or health worker.