Influential Analysis of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Teaching and Learning Techniques and Teachers' Competence
The High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in teaching and learning had been introduced in the Malaysian education system, but due to the absence of HOTS experts it was only used at a moderate level. This is because the instructor is not properly qualified and the student's ability to use HOTS in learning remains low. Nevertheless, the dedication of all teachers to quality education must address these problems. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of the competence and application of HOTS in teaching and learning in the classroom by high school teachers in rural areas. The survey employed 187 high school teachers in the district of Jeli with this quantitative approach. Statistical methods used in this study were descriptive statistics, mean, and inference statistic was using Smart-PLS. Findings shows, that there was significant influence between HOTS-Assessment to Teaching competencies (β=0.275, t = 3.051, p <0.05); HOTS-Implementation to Teaching competencies (β=0.251, t = 2.685, p <0.05), HOTS-Technique to Teaching competencies (β = 0.191, t=2.205, p<0.05) and HOTS-Student to teaching competencies (β= 0.013, t= 0.145, p>0.05), All of the constructs were significant except HOTS-Student. In conclusion, this study will enable teachers, schools and stakeholders to improve the effective implementation of HOTS training and learning in the education system. Continued support and professional development on both sides are important. Teachers need to develop and incorporate HOTS skills into the teaching and learning process.