Theoretical and Methodological Foundations for the Secondary Return Prevention of Children without Parental Care (Secondary Orphan Prevention Methodology)
The article is devoted to the problem analysis of secondary orphanhood prevention in modern Russia, the relevance of which is steadily increasing. A variant of holistic scientific understanding of integrating educational, advocacy and rehabilitation measures in the activities of state and public institutions in relation to a substitute family is proposed. The article substantiates the use of a system-holistic approach at the general scientific level of research on the prevention of secondary orphanhood, as well as the application of socio-pedagogical, cultural and individual-personality approaches of a specific scientific (or pedagogical) study. The need for measures aimed at pedagogizing the environment of a foster family, an information campaign to popularize all forms of a successful foster family structure, as well as creating negative public opinion regarding the return of children left without care to orphaned institutions is argued. The importance of overcoming the social loneliness of foster families through the involvement of a wide range of both professional specialists and non-professional assistants (like relatives, neighbors, colleagues and volunteers) is noted, which should also be one of the priorities in the field of secondary orphan prevention. The importance of creating favorable conditions for the development of intra-family relations in a substitute family is emphasized and it is based on care, respect, mutual understanding and collective responsibility, the restriction of hyper-custody and over-control by state and public organizations (or individual level of prevention).