Expression of Variability in Verbs: Semantics and Typology (On the Material of the English and German Languages)

  • Elina K. Koliada, Nataliia V. Yefremova, Olena M. Botvinko-Botiuk, Kateryna L. Honchar, Tetiana I. Musiichuk


The article provides a comparative description of the functioning of semantic expression of variability in verbs in modern English and German. First of all, it was noted that the issue of semantic expression of variability in verbs as a separate, special, specific category does not have an unambiguous and final solution in the scientific literature, since the concept of “change” is comprehensive and general in nature. In the course of work on the implementation of the objectives of the article, concepts of semantic expression of variability in verbs in linguistics were examined and highlighted. It is noted that the main property of the words in accordance with the indicated characteristics. It is emphasized that it is precisely this feature that distinguishes this semantics from others, separating it from similar ones. It was found that action and movement, having no grammatical differences, are the ones unlimited of the main features of the verbs of the category of change.