Music and Education Efficiency: A Systematic Review

  • Meryana Zuhair Haddad, Yee Mei Heong


In order to address the inconclusive findings in the existing body of knowledge along with the inadequacy of studies, we undertook a critical review of literature to examine the influence of music on education efficiency. A systematic search of the existing literature was conducted through the relevant scientific databases of ‘Google Scholar’, ‘Scopus’, and ‘Web of Science’, using the keywords: ‘Music Education’, ‘Education Efficiency’, and ‘Music Efficiency’. The search resulted in 7880 articles published between the years 2010 and 2020. Following pre-determined inclusion criteria along with a critical analysis, 41 publications were then used to determine the link between music and education efficiency. The findings revealed that musical activities enhance students’ capacity to learn and impacts academic performances. Findings further extended that the effect of music on academic performance could be moderated by gender, age, family background, duration of training, type of training, instrument of training, absolute pitch, and availability of musical instrument at home. Results gathered from this study are hoped to generate significant insights and benefits for the main stakeholders of public primary education, particularly in the UAE. The findings could be useful for all stakeholders to determine if musical education can affect and improve school efficiency by improving students’ academic achievements. Apart from enriching the current literature on music education, this study could guide the ongoing educational reforms that are taking place across the globe in a significant and timely manner.