Identifying the Various Forms of Populism as Political Party’s Strategy in Candidate Selection: A Literature Review
Populism has become a unique phenomenon, emerging along with the decline in the government’s capability, the weakening image of political parties, more dynamic social changes, and the emergence of new alternative political powers outside the formal political institutions. When some formal political institutions are weakening, alternative figures appear, offering the ideas of change to break through stagnation in power relations and governance. It appears in the tendency to populism thriving in Indonesia, mainly after electoral democracy has opened a big opportunity for the emergence of new political actors. In the context of executive elections, such as in local head elections, populism also presents when political parties nominate popular figures to the public. This article applies the scoping study method to map studies on populism as a political strategy in candidate selection for executive elections. The result of the study showed that the dynamics of power relations at the stage of candidate selection in political parties are influenced by characteristics of populism which particularly emphasize the candidates’ popularity, a partiality for public interests, and the idea to reform the bureaucracy formalism.