Political Participation of Women and Cultural Hegemony in Pamekasan Madura
This study would like to examine how the representation of women in legislative institutions which is very minimal shows the unbalanced position of women in power relations in Pamekasan. The researcher used qualitative research methods with the determination of informants purposively. This study supports Gramsci's theory of hegemony which stated that the view of life and the dominant way of thinking disseminated in society institutionally, moral habits, principles of religiosity and politics, and all social relations. Those are domination over the values of life, norms, and culture of a society which eventually turns into a doctrine against other groups of people where the dominated group consciously follows. The dominated group did not feel oppressed and felt that this was the case. A hegemonic condition is a form of inequality and injustice which is detrimental to women. In this case, the dominated groups, which contains women and the group that disseminates the dominant ideology is the religious elite (Kiai).