Impact of the Safety Knowledge on Safety Behavior: The Mediating Roles of Attitude and Motivation Food Handlers in Street Food
Safety behavior has become a critical factor in reducing the risk of workplace accidents, especially in ensuring the safety and health of workers. Although many studies that prove that safety behavior is influenced by two dimensions, namely personal and situational. But in fact, the personal aspects have been shown to have a more significant influence on changing work safety behavior. Besides, the study of predictors of personal factors on occupational safety behavior in informal workers, especially food handlers, is still minimal. This study aims to develop structural models to shape the safety behavior of food handlers that involve the interaction of knowledge, attitudes, and safety motivation. Data were collected randomly by 110 street food handlers in the Malioboro-Yogyakarta Tourism Area. Structural equation modeling analysis is used to test the structure of safety behavior formation models and bootstrap confidence intervals used to analyze mediation roles. The results of the study show that collaborative and interactive knowledge, attitudes, and motivation motivate the safety behavior of street food handlers. Safety attitudes proved to have a positive partial mediating effect on the effect of safety knowledge on safety behavior. Also, safety motivation partially mediates the impact of safety knowledge on safety behavior. Finally, safety attitudes and motivations have a partial role in mediating partially on the influence of safety knowledge on safety behavior. The findings of this study were discussed, and several recommendations with implications for street food businesses, practitioners of occupational safety and health, and the government.