Benoa Bay Anti-Reclamation Movement: Historical Perspective Study of the Mega Project Development Plan for Tourism in Bali, Indonesia

  • I Nyoman Darma Putra, Nuruddin Sri Pujiastuti, Putu Eka Wirawan and I Made Trisna Semara


For nearly five years the people of Bali's famous tourism area intensified their resistance to reject the mega plan of the Benoa Bay reclamation project. The 880 hectare bay reclamation project was designed to develop a tourism industry area with the attraction of a marina, accommodation, theme park, etc., which is mentioned as opening employment for large numbers of Balinese people. However, the reclamation project was strongly rejected by the community for various reasons, especially damaging the tsunami-preventing mangrove forest, making tourism development in South Bali exceed its capacity because it was already congested and congested, and the Benoa Bay region was a sacred act that must be preserved in its holiness. This study applies a qualitative method of historical perspective. This article argues, protracted demonstrations of rejection show that the public is facing a very strong investor and is backed up by the government, while investors are not quickly realizing their projects so that they are losing money due to the project delay time. There is no certainty whether this project will stop or continue, but because the world is now overshadowed by an economic recession, even if this project stops, the cause is not solely due to the anti-reclamation movement of the Balinese people but also because of weakening investment interest and the fading of profitable nature the post-pandemic tourism industry Covid-19.