Applying Problem-Based Learning Based on Academic Culture to Improve Students’ Social Skills
This research aims to determine whether a problem-based learning model based on academic culture (PBL-BA) is effective at improving the social skills of elementary school students in Sukoharjo Regency, Indonesia. This study involves research and development that was conducted in elementary schools within Sukoharjo Regency. The research subjects comprised four elementary schools, namely SDN Kemasan 1 and SDN Bekonang 1 in the experimental group and SDN Sonorejo 1 and SDN Polokarto 1 in the control group. A questionnaire technique was used for data collection. The data analysis techniques, meanwhile, comprised a homogeneity test, a normality test, and a hypothesis test (t-test). The PBL-BA model was found to be more effective at improving the social skills of elementary school students in Sukoharjo Regency. The data analysis for the extensive trials revealed significant differences between the results of pre- and post-tests for social skills, where t = 33.907 with sig. 0.000. In addition, there was a significant difference in the results of the post-test for social skills among the experimental and control groups, where t = 20.349 with sig. 0.000. The average post-test result for the experimental group was 10.789 points higher than that of the control group. It can therefore be concluded that the problem-based learning model based on academic culture can significantly improve the social skills of elementary school students.