The Voice that is Still Silent: A Narrative on Local History in High School Textbooks for the 2006-2013 Curriculum

  • Agus Mulyana


So far, local history in Indonesia has received little attention, often considered not very important, and is considered not contextual with national history even though local history is related to national integration and accommodating pluralism. This study examines the local history narrative in high school history textbooks in the 2006-2013 curriculafocusing on the concepts of local history, historical figures, events and local culture. This study uses the qualitative content analysis methodwitha comparative content analysis design because this study attempts to compare textbook narratives across time, namely in the 2006 and 2013 curriculums. The results of the study show that the percentage of local history material in the history textbooks of the 2006 curriculum is quite little, on average below 5%. While in the 2013 curriculum there was an average progress of 7%. This indicates that local historical material has not been well accommodated in high school history textbooks. Secondly, a description of the local history material in the 2013 curriculum history textbook is far more complete and complex than the in the 2006 curriculum history textbooks, but the 2013 curriculum textbook does not elaborate on the concepts of local history, local history writing models, and historical connectness of local and national history. Thirdly, examining the number of local historical figures described in the 2013 curriculum history textbook compared to the 2006 curriculum history textbook. Fourthly, local historical narratives describing local culture in the 2006 curriculum history textbooks are minimal while in 2013 curriculum history textbooks, local culture is more described in various forms.