Implementation of 2013 History Curriculum in Indonesian High Schools: An Unsuccessful Innovation
This study aimed to analyze the implementation of the new Indonesian history curriculum for high school as regards realizing its goals. The research questions raised were: (1) How significant was the historical narrative change in the 2013 Curriculum? (2) Are the historical narrative changes able to realize the curriculum's goals to improve nationalism and eliminate violence among youth? This study analyzed the contents of the compulsory books for the 2013 history curriculum. The analysis exploited from the perspective of nationalism theory using a postcolonial approach. The results show that historical narratives viewed Indonesia as a geographical space for foreign researchers' activities, the recipient of foreign influences, and objects of Dutch colonial policy. The narrative failed to realize curricular goals, such as creating students who have strong nationalism. On the contrary, they interested to involve in the transnational Islamic ideology movement and cannot escape the use of physical violence in solving their social problems.